Edited by Marco Ferrini
From the book: The 26 Qualities of the Spiritual Researcher
having control over the mind impulses
This is a special, universally valid virtue. Shanti means "serenity, peace, quietness" and one who possesses such characteristics is called shanta. The effects of this virtue are very relevant on physiological, psychic and spiritual levels.
This state of mind is rather easy to attain but it is almost impossible to maintain unless in presence of the condition called yukta, that is to say unless the individual is situated in Yoga, a state of consciousness that enables him to be and remain connected to the Reality. Several times we have mentioned a higher level of reality that we call Spiritual Reality; the connection with this level enables us to remain shanta. We have already seen, while analyzing some of these qualities, that around such qualities there is a constellation of pseudo-qualities.
A person who has satisfied a material desire, for example, can appear to be shanta but he actually is not, because when the same desire returns stronger than before because it was not satisfied in the proper way, it will produce greater agitation and anxiety. The dictionary gives different meanings for the two terms, anxiety and anguish; different not in quality but in quantity: a growing anxiety becomes anguish. The intensity defines if a state is anxiety or anguish. Some events are capable of generating anxiety in themselves.
Now let's try to separate the wheat from the chaff, the serenity and inner calmness that is a pearl of character from pseudo-virtues that are the result of fatigue or satisfaction of a material desire but that disappear when the ego returns to its original strength and the need shows up again and even greater than before, causing anxiety due to the impossibility of fulfillment.
It is not easy to trace the difference between real virtues and pseudo-virtues. Unfortunately in our society we can face even worse phenomenon when people mistake defects for virtues due to their inability to grasp the spiritual qualities of an individual. For example some parents do not want to have a generous child, they want him cunning, and this results in a disaster for the parents themselves, who will have to suffer because of their selfish son.
They do not express it so explicitly but they have been the ones who wanted the son to become what he is now; they did not want him to progress, but to remain a slave, and they encourage him to grow attached to money, impressing the anxiety of profit on him. The "Money God" has many worshipers, because this is part of the mainstream mentality. Today those who are not able to testify a higher reality have problems in seeing the inner qualities, but even renunciation to the objects of the world is seen as abnormality, almost as a disease; one who is not attracted by sex, does not dress in a particular way, does not go on holidays in the typical way, does not run here and there madly, is considered sick.
The need for God is seen as a neurosis even by a pseudo-scientific trend of literature; Freud stated that religion is a form of neurosis, probably because this was his experience - anyway in the world there are many examples of neurotic religionists, just think about 11th September 2001.
Let's go back to the need of satisfying our desires. Think about the night roaming of youngsters on Saturday evenings, so many people die on the roads, looking for what? For the satisfaction of their needs; they are running in the wrong direction, but the desire is the same - to satisfy a need. Very often the problem is due to loneliness, usually with a strong implication: the fear of remaining alone with oneself. When a person looks for company and finds it or believes he has found it he becomes quiet, but it is a temporary situation and has nothing to do with shanti, that implies enjoying the good company of one's self.
According to our level of counsciousness we may be in the company of ourselves or in the company of God; we are connected to a higher reality. When a person is afraid to remain with himself, he desperately looks for company and if he does not find it, or if he is not satisfied by the company he finds, he keeps going around without a solution and without a hope to obtain what he needs, because he does not know how to find it.
Anguish presents a more intense emotional charge than anxiety. Anxiety is caused by the fear of not being able to satisfy a need, but when it is satisfied only in an artificial way it returns, with the two possibilities of being fulfilled or not; if there is no fulfillment, anxiety grows into anguish.
If on the other hand it is truly and genuinely fulfilled, it will not return, or better, it will return weaker and weaker. Thus through direct experience the individual understands that a need that is fulfilled in the correct way will become weaker and will not cause anxiety, because we know we can satisfy it in the correct way. Shanta is the result of satisfied needs. What is their nature?
Psychology comes to our help indicating that affection is the most complete and widest field of human needs, therefore shanta is primarily the result of satisfied affection. Affection is the total sum of all the psychic processes or the entire living experience. Shanta is a healthy person with a healthy mind. In our course on comparative Indo-Christian studies (the compared texts were specifically Bhagavad-gita and New Testament) we have seen that this virtue is present in both Traditions, and is precisely possessed by persons who have developed the same qualities in spite of belonging to the cultures so distant from each other.
In Bhagavad-gita V.29 it is said that by recognizing the Lord as the supreme Enjoyer of all sacrifices, as the Lord of all the worlds and Friend of all creatures, one attains shanti, peace. When we are harmoniously connected to the cosmic project and its supreme planner, the effect is that nothing is worrisome or cause of agitation any more. Child psychology describes this state of tranquility in the relationship between father and son; when the child keeps his father's hand he is not afraid of anything; even if around him he sees apparently dangerous things happening, his father's hand is sufficient to give a sense of security and peacefulness.
Another example is given about the calming effect of mother's voice on the child, irrespective of what the mother is saying; similar results can be obtained by stroking or hugging. Any trace of identification with the body or the mind modifies our state of consciousness and the structured sense of the distorted ego, or ahamkara, prevents us from accessing the complete development of shanta. In some measure, everybody can develop a certain measure of serenity, but it is always something transitory, connected to temporary situations. On the other hand, shanti has a peculiar character: it is stable and does not depend on external circumstances. Bhagavata Purana (X.1.2-8) confirms that when a need is satisfied in an artificial way, it will come back even stronger, like a fire that seems to be extinguishing when we throw more wood on it, but then rises stronger and higher than before.
The connection with performing devotional activities and hearing stories about the divine pastimes represents the royal path to extinguish the fire of desires that can never be truly fulfilled in this dimension of existence, because what we are pursuing here is almost always a form of hallucination. This is affirmed by great sages and by the Sacred Scriptures of all times and cultures.
Only through sadhana, discipline, we can purify the mind from conditionings. By making our deep mind pure we also purify the feelings that vastly condition our lives. Because of the material influence, the embodied being is naturally conditioned; being conditioned is normal. What is not ordinary is to overcome conditionings, and in fact in order to do that we need a transcendent action - this is also Jung's opinion.
Although shanti or inner peace is a valuable attainment, it corresponds to the first step on the path towards spiritual realization; it is the beginning of the journey. We could say that it is a point of arrival and departure at the same time, a turning point. It is a state of mind that corresponds to the first of the rasas and favors further and more mature development of personality. In all lives we find attachments that disrupt the levels of serenity.
This is not a planet suitable to live serenely; it is not possible to become happy with the mundane ingredients. We can attain bliss in this life too, but not with the physical or mental objects of this world. I perfectly realize that this statement is a heavy blow for those who have greatly invested into matter; on the other hand it is better not to generate false hopes. Living and experimenting divine virtues is possible and desirable, but the necessary condition is to be connected to a Higher Reality. A great Master said: "You are in the world but you are not of the World".
If we are connected to the spiritual dimension we can experience the states of mind that are not characteristic of Maya's energy even while we live in this world. Maya promises happiness but then does not confer it. Each pleasure we catch with great effort is followed by a painful consequence.
As Gita(1) explains, intelligent people take distance from some so-called pleasures because they know that soon they will transform into pain, acute sufferings and conditionings; rather they shoould taste the pleasure that is created by the development of virtues, which is closely connected to reality. Matter is illusory in the sense that it generates illusion, not because it is non-existing. It is a mirror that produces many distorted images, but the mirror exists. To attain the state of shanta we need to understand matter as divine energy and "live" it in connection to the Supreme, without wanting to enjoy it selfishly and delusionally.
1) Bg, V-22
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